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josh

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Tue September 8

BC Students Asking for an Extension of Rental Supplement and Eviction Ban

2020-09-11T15:29:30-07:00September 8th, 2020|Blog, COVID-19|

Dear Premier Horgan, Minister James, and Minister Robinson,

In March, students celebrated the Province’s response to our joint letter asking for an immediate moratorium on evictions and rent increases in BC. We were grateful to see the Province take action and follow through with these protections for renters. This policy, along with the BC Temporary Rental Supplement Program, has provided countless students with relief and support through the end of the spring semester and into the summer. The security of knowing that they will not be evicted and forced into houselessness during a global public health emergency is crucial to a student’s livelihood.

It is for this critical reason that we were concerned to hear about the BC government’s plan to lift the moratorium on evictions on September 1, 2020. With many students still out of work and facing tuition fee payment deadlines and textbook purchases, the threat of being evicted is not only detrimental to a student’s academic success, but could severely impact all aspects of their life including their mental and physical health. The absolute necessity of housing security, let alone during a global pandemic, cannot be stressed enough.

Though our province has made significant steps towards a full reopening and recovery of the economy, the global health crisis is far from over. The economic and social consequences of the COVID-19 public health emergency are far-reaching and will be felt by the most vulnerable groups in our province for years to come. Among the most financially vulnerable are post-secondary students.

The housing crisis in BC has been affecting students for decades, growing more severe each year as rental housing supply diminishes and prices skyrocket. The days of expecting to pay only 30% of your income on rent are long gone. According to the Canadian Rental Housing Index, 49% of renters in BC aged 15 to 29 spend over 30% of their income on rent while 28% of renters in the same age group spend over half their income on rent.1 10% of renters aged 15 to 29 live in overcrowded conditions.2 This is not new; the difference now is that we are facing an unprecedented global pandemic, the effects of which are unexpected significant losses of income and resources for so many students.

Loss of income due to COVID-19 has disproportionately affected students and young people.3 Many students rely on full-time summer employment to get them through the next school year. This summer, the BC Labour Force Survey collected data on labour market outcomes for post-secondary students who were attending school full-time in March and intend to return to school full-time in September.4 In May of this year, they found that the unemployment rate for older students in BC (aged 20 to 24) returning to school in the fall was nearly 44% — a 33% increase from the previous year.5 The national unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 also rose to a record high in May, reaching over 29%.6 In a study produced this month, Statistics Canada reported that if the annual youth unemployment rate reaches as high as 28%, recent graduates could see income losses of $23,000 to $44,000 over the next five years.7

We recognize that this is not a one-sided issue. Landlords often rely on tenants’ monthly rent payments to subsidize their mortgage payments and other expenses. However, the narrative often portrayed in public discourse — that of multitudes of struggling landlords across the province — paints a false picture of tenant-landlord dynamics. The homeowner renting out their basement suite and struggling to pay their bills is not your typical landlord. 

In an online survey conducted by McAllister Research in May 2020, only a minority of renters (22%) said they pay their rent to “a homeowner who lives in the same building,” with the remaining respondents paying corporate or other investor landlords.8 In the public debate surrounding rent forgiveness, many argue that landlords will suffer more if renters do not pay their rent. This is rarely the case, as the majority of “landlords” are not living paycheque to paycheque, and instead are profiting exponentially off of desperate people in need of a place to live.

Struggling with basic expenses is not a new problem for students. With monthly rent and utilities, high tuition costs (which are 4.5 times higher for international students than domestic students and can increase at any rate for international students),9 overpriced textbooks, transportation costs, and other expenses, students are left with limited funds to purchase basic necessities such as groceries. 

A recent annual survey conducted by the Capilano Students’ Union at Capilano University found that over 47% of student respondents felt worried at least a few times over the course of a semester that they would run out of food before they had money to buy groceries.10 Nine percent of student respondents said they worried about this once a month, over 11% said they worried twice a month, and 8% of all student respondents said they worry about running out of food on a weekly basis.11 

These challenges may seem insignificant to some, but for a student struggling to get through their degree or a recent graduate whose job prospects have vanished, these setbacks can be devastating. Students should not have to add an eviction to their ever-growing list of setbacks. The Province has the opportunity to recognize a vulnerable group in need of support, and step in to provide that help. Extending the eviction moratorium and continuing the BC Temporary Rental Supplement Program will give students a fighting chance, and provide security with the most essential support they need to thrive — a home.

We call on the Province of British Columbia to extend the eviction moratorium and continue the BC Temporary Rental Supplement Program for as long as the province is in a state of emergency, and to continue to support vulnerable renters for at least three months after.

Yours sincerely, 

Alliance of BC Students
Camosun College Student Society
Capilano Students’ Union
Graduate Student Society of UBC Vancouver
Langara Students’ Association
Northern British Columbia Graduate Students’ Society
Simon Fraser Student Society
University of Victoria Graduate Student Society

Wed July 29

Students Demand a Stop to Trans Mountain for a Just Recovery

2020-09-11T17:19:21-07:00July 29th, 2020|Blog|

Dear Prime Minister,

The Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion (TMX) further burdens the Canadian economy, endangers the environment and communities along the route, and violates Indigenous rights and sovereignty. This is an issue that involves the governments of both present-day Canada and the United States, with much of the oil set to be shipped south of the border. This letter was written by those residing on the unceded territories of the Coast Salish Peoples, including the   xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam), Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish), səl̓ilwətaɁɬ (Tsleil-Waututh), kʷikʷəƛ̓əm (Kwikwetlem), and q̓icə̓y̓ (Katzie) Nations, but represents students of post-secondary institutions across both Canada and the United States. We students call on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to implement the principles of a Just Recovery to ensure the security of devastated communities in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. We cannot proceed with the TMX pipeline, as abandoning it is an essential step in pursuing a Just Recovery.

Climate Change and a Just Economy

In light of the global climate crisis, we categorically reject the expansion of the Trans Mountain Pipeline, particularly as Canada is warming at twice the rate of the rest of the world.  Once finished, the expansion will add approximately 400,000 tonnes of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere per year. Although the projected income from the expansion is intended to be channelled towards a green economy, there is clear cognitive dissonance. Instead of expanding the pipeline, it is imperative to continue investing in clean affordable energy. British Columbia’s green energy sector has attracted billions of dollars in investments, created thousands of jobs, and provides opportunities for First Nations communities. And, with a $12.6 billion CAD price tag, Canadian taxpayers cannot continue to fund a project that will neither benefit the Canadian economy, nor align with present-day Canadian climate change goals. If we truly want to invest in a green economy, we cannot allow the TMX to proceed. We cannot return to business as usual.

A Safe Environment for Wildlife

The expansion project will have negative consequences on the natural environment of the regions it traverses. The 2007 Westridge oil spill and the recent massive spill in Abbotsford are two recent examples of frequent spills, and showcase the disastrous consequences of crude oil, refined and semi-refined product transport. While Trans Mountain has reported that the risk of a marine oil spill within 50 years of TMX expansion is 16-67%, the US Oil Spill Risk Analysis Model and the Vessel Traffic Risk Assessment Methodology estimate this risk to be 58-98%. According to the Rainforest Conservation Foundation, the sound pollution generated by the sevenfold increase in tanker traffic would further endanger marine mammal populations. They also state that Southern Resident killer whales’ chance of functional extinction would increase to 50% within the next 100 years as a result of increased traffic. Residents look forward to being able to interact with nature, and a spill would devastate not only local ecosystems, but these residents as well.

All of these risks and many others are too significant to ignore. It is irresponsible to continue with the expansion while these consequences are well-known. To have an emergency response prepared is not enough; these risks are not acceptable in the first place.

A Healthy and Safe Environment for Students and Local Communities

The Burnaby Mountain Tank Farm facility is located in the city of Burnaby, whose municipal government opposes the expansion. It sits right below the only emergency route off of Burnaby Mountain, in close proximity to Forest Grove Elementary and University Highlands Elementary, and to SFU. According to a study commissioned by the City of Burnaby, with the expansion of the tank farm, the chance of a tank fire increases from 1 in a million to a 1 in 2000 chance per year. In the case of such an event, Gaglardi intersection is the only escape route, meaning that thousands of Burnaby Mountain residents, over 30,000 students and staff at Simon Fraser University, and hundreds of young children at both elementary schools would be trapped on the mountain. This danger is exacerbated by the fact that the nearest emergency response equipment is located 6 hours away. Safety assessment risks conducted by Burnaby Deputy Fire Chief Chris Bowcock, PGL Environmental Consultants’ evaluation risk to SFU, and the Canada Energy Regulator (PLC Fire Safety Solutions) show that there is potential for a catastrophic event, and the expansion puts the surrounding community at risk. This report was only publicly released 3 years after filing and only due to a freedom of information request by the NDP’s Svend Robinson. These potential risks should themselves provide enough reason to suspend the project.

A Real Nation-to-Nation Relationship

Our recovery will not constitute a Just Recovery unless it takes the valid concerns of Indigenous Peoples into account. In addition to initiating construction on unceded, stolen land despite the opposition of Indigenous Peoples along the route, TMX would limit the necessary cultural and economic activities of these groups. In the words of Rueben George of the Tsleil-Waututh Nation:

… First Nations have won over 250 legal victories over the last 3-4 years against resource extraction projects. Here is our leadership that makes decisions for our people in accordance to our law, which for thousands of years we have been making decisions like this because of our reciprocal relationship of spirit to the lands and the waters protecting what we love, protecting the lineage of where we come from. We will continue to make decisions for our future generations because this present government isn’t capable of doing that so we are making choices for their future generations as well. We come here again, united, to stand up and fight for what we believe in, by any means possible.

Many Indigenous communities are leading their own clean energy projects, such as the Haida Nation, which has built the largest community-owned solar project in BC. Indigenous-led clean energy projects are a viable investment alternative as they allow for “self-determined economic development” of First Nations communities. In the case that investing in such projects is insufficient, TMX still cannot go through because it has not received meaningful and uncoerced consent from all affected First Nations. Although many of the affected First Nations have signed agreements with Trans Mountain, a distinction must be made between Indigenous governance and titleholders. According to Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, who is the current President of the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs, “title is territory-wide, it encompasses the entire footprint of the territory and the proper titleholders are the individual members of the First Nation community, not the elected band councils”. Similarly, Chief Judy Wilson of the Neskonlith First Nation states:

We have the Trans Mountain pipeline here in our territory that has no consent from our proper titleholders either. They say they have some agreements signed with bands, but bands can’t own a territory. The federal government created [the elected chief and councils], not our people, and here there has been no transfer of authority.

Furthermore, agreements with First Nations do not necessarily imply consent. And, in the case that some groups do provide their consent, consent from some does not constitute consent from all. BC Human Rights Commissioner Kasari Govender has called for a halt to construction of TMX and other major projects until “all Indigenous peoples impacted by the projects” voice their support. As long as there are First Nations who oppose the project, the expansion constitutes an attack on Indigenous self-determination.

Additionally, ‘mancamps’ are a common occurrence in resource extraction projects. In this phenomenon, the influx of transient workers into the surrounding communities increases the prevalence of physical and sexual violence against Indigenous women. The institution of reactive policies is insufficient, and their implementation lacks consistency across workplaces, often failing to ensure the safety of Indigenous women. The presence of ‘mancamps’ often leads to an increase in the number of missing and murdered Indigenous women, girls, and Two-Spirit people.

In listening to the voices of Indigenous people, the government of present-day Canada must recognize the voices of all titleholders as legitimate, commit to gaining support from all those affected by the expansion, and ensure the safety of Indigenous women, girls, and Two-Spirit people in the surrounding communities. The future of this country will continue to lack justice unless it is predicated on a real commitment to a “‘nation-to-nation’ relationship with Indigenous Peoples”, one that does not include the unjust obstruction of First Nations’ challenges to the expansion.

Calls to Action

The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed that our current economic structures are unsustainable and inequitable. To allow for the country to justly recover and rebuild in a way that benefits all inhabitants, we call on the federal government to ensure the following:

  1. Immediately cease TMX and commit to honouring Indigenous sovereignty
  • We call for the immediate ratification and legislation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in present-day Canada. This is essential to a Just Recovery. The Senate’s failure to pass Bill C-262 was deeply frustrating, and if the Liberal Party is committed to “implement[ing] the Declaration as government legislation by the end of 2020”, then it must recognize that the approval and construction  of TMX violates the Declaration.
  • We call for the implementation of the calls to action in Volumes 1a and 1b the Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.
  1. Invest in Indigenous-led green infrastructure and green job-retaining initiatives

As leader of present-day Canada, Justin Trudeau announced plans for the moratorium on crude oil tanker traffic on British Columbia’s North Coast, marched in the September 2019 Climate Strike, and referred to today’s youth as the ‘greatest generation’ of the 21st century. However, these actions are called into question by his purchase of fossil fuel infrastructure, an action which does not align with environmental leadership. Calls for stronger action are not being heeded. As a consequence, the impacts of the country’s lack of preparation for the COVID-19 pandemic are miniscule compared to those of our lack of preparation to address the climate crisis. Is the federal government ready to accept responsibility for putting the safety of thousands of people at risk, including those of young children, for a dirty pipeline that is not only unprofitable, but that counteracts efforts to mitigate climate change? We call on the Canadian federal government to take meaningful towards the creation of a more sustainable and just future by terminating the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion.

Sincerely,

Concerned Students of what is currently Northern America

American Indian Graduate Student Association (UCLA)
McMaster Students’ Union
Students’ Society of McGill University
Concordia Student Union
Arts and Science Federation of Associations (Concordia University)
SFU Graduate Student Society
Society of Arts and Social Sciences (SFU)
First Nations’ University of Canada Students’ Association
University of Victoria Students’ Society
Carleton University Students’ Association
Capilano Students’ Union
Trent Central Student Association
Le Regroupement étudiant de maîtrise, diplôme et doctorat de l’Université de Sherbrooke (REMDUS)